Compliance Responses and Action Plans

  • Compliance Responses and Action Plans

    IFAC members and associates have provided self-assessment information about the regulatory and standard-setting framework in their countries (Part 1) and their organizations' activities in addressing IFAC's membership requirements (Part 2) as described in the Statements of Membership Obligations. Based on an analysis of this information, they are developing SMO Action Plans for continuous development and improvement.

    Some organizations have qualified to submit SMO Action Plans on a biennial basis by meeting eligibility criteria. These organizations are indicated with an asterisk (*).

    In the interest of transparency and providing information to the profession, regulators, and other stakeholders, all responses and SMO Action Plans are accessible below.

    Botswana Institute of Chartered Accountants

     

    Introduction

    The information below has been submitted as part of the IFAC Member Body Compliance program. The Program has two components:

    Part 1: Assessment of the Regulatory and Standard-Setting Framework (provides information about regulatory requirements and standard-setting processes in member body countries); and
    Part 2: Assessment of Compliance (provides information on compliance by member bodies with the Statements of Membership Obligations). Part 2 of the Compliance Program will begin later this year, and the results will also be posted to the website.

    The responses to Part 1 are provided below. IFAC staff has reviewed the responses and, where necessary, validated them with external knowledgeable parties. A list of key terms is available to assist readers in understanding the responses.

    The purpose of this Part 1 Assessment is to collect information on the roles of IFAC member bodies and other organizations (including government, regulatory or other appointed authorities) with respect to:

    1. Setting auditing, accounting, ethics, public sector and education standards; and
    2. Regulating the accountancy profession.

    Sections 1 and 2 of Part 1 contain an introduction and instructions for member body respondents. For this reason, they are not included here, and the responses begin with Section 3.

    Questions or comments may be sent to complianceassessment@ifac.org.


    Section 3 -- Member Body General Information

    1. Country:

      Botswana


    2. Name of member body:
      Botswana Institute of Chartered Accountants

      Or please specify name:



    3. Individual responsible for preparation:
      Executive Officer


    4. Date member body became a member of IFAC:
      Note: Please enter a numeric date (e.g., 12/2001, Month/Year)

      07 / 1990



    Questions 5 - 22 are for internal use only


    Section 3G -- Affiliations


    23. Please list those regional organizations to which your organization belongs (e.g., FEE, CAPA, ECSAFA, IAA, etc.):
      ECSAFA



    Section 4 -- Statutory Framework


    Responses to this section will provide a description of the legal framework governing the commercial aspects of auditing and financial reporting in your country.

    Section 4A -- The Companies Act or Commercial Code


    The following questions concern the Companies Act (the Act) or Commercial Code (the Code) or similar Legal authority in your country. If no Legal authority exists, or the Legal authority does not address particular questions, please indicate "N/A" for Not Applicable.

    24. What is the full name of:
      a). the Act or the Code: Companies Act (amended in 1985 and current under review)
      b). the Enacting body: Parliament of Botswana
      c). date the Act or Code came into force: 11 / 1959


    25. How can IFAC obtain a copy of the Act or Code?
      By request to the Botswana Institute of Accountants (BIA).


    26. Is the Act or Code available in English?
      Yes   No


    27. What are the types of entities covered by the Act or the Code?
      Please check all that apply.
      Listed entities   Other (please specify):
      Private companies   Other (please specify):
      Governmental   Other (please specify):
      Not-for-profit   Other (please specify):


    28. Is there a requirement for the following entities to prepare annual statutory financial statements? If YES, please describe the financial reporting requirements including the accounting standards to be followed.
      Please check all that apply.
        No Yes (If YES, please describe)
      Listed entities As sections 205 and 206 of the Act, all companies must prepare financial statements and in accordance with International Financial Accounting Standards.
      Private companies See above for listed entities. Not all private companies have to submit their financial statements to the Registrar.
      Governmental
      Not-for-profit
      Other (please describe)
      Other (please describe)


    29. Is there a statutory requirement for the following entities to be audited? If YES, describe the requirement including the auditing standards to be followed:
      Please check all that apply.
        No Yes (If YES, please describe)
      Listed entities Section 191 of the Act requires every company and non-exempt private company to appoint an auditor and audit the financial statements of the company. Section 200 states that the auditor shall make a report in accordance with ISAs. In essence if a company has more than 10 shareholders, has issued capital of $50,000, or one of the shareholders is a corporate entity, it must be audited.
      Private companies See above for listed entities.
      Governmental
      Not-for-profit
      Other (please describe)
      Other (please describe)


    30. Are the auditors ("statutory auditors") that are appointed for audits required by the Act or Code ("statutory audits") appointed for a specific period?
      Yes   No
      If YES, please indicate the term of appointment: 1 Year(s)


    31. Who appoints the statutory auditors?
      Please check all that apply.
      Shareholders   Management
      Board of directors   Other (please specify):
      Audit committee   Other (please specify):
      Government agency   Other (please specify):


    32. Does the Act or Code require joint auditors for the statutory audit?
      Yes   No
      If yes, please describe the requirement:


    33. Does the Act or Code require the rotation of the auditors or audit firms performing statutory audits?
      Yes   No
      If yes, please describe the requirement:



    Section 4B -- Securities Market Regulations


    Responses to this section will provide a description of the financial reporting and auditing requirements for listed entities in your country.

    34. What are (a) the major items of Legal authority for such requirements, (b) the Enacting body(ies) and (c) the latest amendment date? Please identify the specific articles or sections that pertain to auditing and financial reporting:
    1. the major items of Legal authority for such requirements

      As per Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE) listings requirements.

    2. the Enacting body(ies)

      As per BSE listings requirements and the BSE Act.

    3. the latest amendment date?

      November 2004


    35. How can IFAC obtain a copy of the Legal authority?
      www.bse.co.bw


    36. Is the Legal authority available in English?
      Yes   No


    37. Are there any additional or alternative financial statement reporting requirements for listed entities that are not described in your answer to Question 28?
      Yes   No
      If YES, please describe the requirement:


    38. Are there any additional auditing requirements that apply to listed entities other than those described in your answer to Question 29 (e.g., additional GAAS requirements, additional independence requirements, requirements to report to those charged with governance, etc.)?
      Yes   No
      If YES, please describe the requirement:
      International Financial Reporting Standards for preparing financial statements and audited in accordance with International Standards on Auditing, and BSE lisitings requirements.


    39. Who appoints the statutory auditors of listed entities?
      Please check all that apply.
      Shareholders   Management
      Board of directors   Other (please specify):
      Audit committee   Other (please specify):
      Government agency   Other (please specify):


    40. Are auditors who perform audits of listed entities appointed for a specified period?
      Yes   No
      If YES, please indicate the term of appointment: 1 Year(s)


    41. Are joint auditors required for audits of listed entities?
      Yes   No
      If YES, please describe the requirement:


    42. Is rotation of the auditor or audit firm for audits of listed entities required?
      Yes   No
      If YES, please describe the requirement:



    Section 5 -- Auditing Standards


    Responses to this section will provide a description of the legal and professional framework governing audit and other assurance standards in your country. The section focuses on the establishment of such standards. Please indicate the role your organization plays within this framework.

    Section 5A -- Statutory Framework


    43. Please provide the name of the Legal authority and/or self-regulatory rules that establish audit and other assurance standards in your country, the date of the last amendment of such authority or rules and the name of body responsible for setting audit and other assurance standards. If the standards are different for different entities (e.g., listed entities, private companies, governmental bodies, not-for-profit organizations, etc.), please specify the details that apply to each:
      Type of entity Name of
      applicable
      legal
      authority
      Date of last
      amendment
      (e.g. MM/YYYY 06/2001)
      Name of body responsible
      for setting audit and
      other assurance standards
      Listed entity Companies Act 1985 Botswana Institute of Accountants
      Other (please describe) Private Companies Companies Act 1985 Botswana Institute of Accountants
      Other (please describe)
      Other (please describe)

      a. How can IFAC obtain copies of these documents?

      Contact BIA or IFAC (standard-setter for ISAs)

      b. Are the documents available in English?
      Yes   No


    Section 5B -- Standard-Setting (Botswana Institute of Accountants)


    44. For Botswana Institute of Accountants, please indicate the nature of the body (i.e., whether it is part of a government ministry or department, an agency appointed by government, a private organization established by the profession, or other [please describe]) and the name of the standards.
      a. Nature of body

      The Botswana Institute of Accountants (BIA) is governed by the Accountants Act 1988 as amended and the Rules and Regulations made under the Act. The Institute is a self-regulating body whose affairs are managed by the Council of the Institute.

      The Botswana Institute of Accountants was established with effect from 2 July 1990 following the proclamation of the Act.

      The Institute is a self-regulating body whose affairs are managed by the Council of the Institute.


      b. Name of standards

      BIA adopts International Standards on Auditing (ISAs).

      Note: Both the Companies Act and securities requirements require the use of ISAs.


    45. How many voting members does the standard-setting body have?
      Consisting of six elected members of the BIA Council


    46. Are the members of the standard-setting body involved on a voluntary basis or employed by the standard-setting body?
      Voluntary  
      Employed  
      Both - Please describe:


    47. What are the criteria considered in selecting members of the standard-setting body (e.g., best person for the job, sector of the profession, private and public members, academic, geographical representation, etc.)?
      The six members must be members of good standing in the Institute, at least two of whom shall be a member in public practice, two of whom shall be outside of public practice and all of whom must be resident in Botswana and who shall be elected to be members of the Council at the annual general meeting.


    48. Who appoints these members (e.g., member body, government, user, regulator, etc.)?
      Members of the Institute democratically elect Council members annually.


    49. What is the term of appointment for members?
      1 Year(s)


    50. For how many years has the standard-setting body been in existence?
      Year(s)


    51. Please indicate the budget in US$ of the standard-setting body for the last fiscal year:
      Note: Please enter a whole number using commas (e.g., 4,000,000)

      Not separately allocated

      Please enter the exchange rate used to calculate this number.

      Note: Please enter a decimal amount (e.g., 4.0027)



    52. To what entity is the standard-setting body accountable?


    53. Describe the due process followed by the standard-setting body. Please include explanations of the following:
    1. public exposure of standards

      The Technical Committee of BIA reviews and discusses exposure drafts issued by IFAC and IASB on auditing, ethics, and accounting standards. The BIA's objective is the adoption of International Standards.

    2. accessibility of meetings (i.e., public or private)

      the Technical Committee meetings are private.

    3. approval process for final standards (i.e., majority required to approve final standards)

      BIA Council must ratify the standards recommended by the Committee.

    4. other relevant due process activities



    54. Approximately how many days per year does the standard-setting body meet in full session (including teleconferences)?
      Day(s)



    Section 6 -- Ethics


    Responses to questions in this section will provide a description of the legal and professional framework governing ethics standards for accountants in your country. This section focuses on the establishment of such standards. Please indicate the role your organization plays within this framework.

    Section 6A -- Statutory Framework


    55. For each of the following types of professionals, please indicate the name of the Legal authority and/or self-regulatory rules establishing ethics standards for accountants and auditors in your country, the date of the last amendment of such authority or rules and the name of body responsible for setting the ethics standards.
      Type of professional covered Name of
      applicable
      legal
      authority
      Date of last
      amendment
      (e.g. MM/YYYY 06/2001)
      Name of body responsible
      for setting ethics standards
      Professional Accountants in Public Practice IFAC Botswana Institute of Accountants
      Professional Accountants in Business IFAC Botswana Institute of Accountants
      Professional Accountants in the Public Sector IFAC Botswana Institute of Accountants
      Other (please describe)

      a. How can IFAC obtain copies of these documents?

      Contact Botswana Institute of Accountants or IFAC (sets the IFAC Code of Ethics)

      b. Are the documents available in English?
      Yes   No


    Section 6B -- Standard-Setting (Botswana Institute of Accountants)


    56. For Botswana Institute of Accountants, please indicate the nature of the body (i.e., whether it is part of a government ministry or department, an agency appointed by government, a private organization established by the profession, or other [please describe]) and the name of the standards.
      a. Nature of body

      The Botswana Institute of Accountants (BIA) is governed by the Accountants Act 1988 as amended and the Rules and Regulations made under the Act. The Institute is a self-regulating body whose affairs are managed by the Council of the Institute.

      The Botswana Institute of Accountants was established with effect from 2 July 1990 following the proclamation of the Act.

      The Institute is a self-regulating body whose affairs are managed by the Council of the Institute.


      b. Name of standards

      Code of Ethics


    57. How many voting members does the standard-setting body have?
      Refer to responses to section 5 regarding the Technical Committee and due process.


    58. Are the members of the standard-setting body involved on a voluntary basis or employed by the standard-setting body?
      Voluntary  
      Employed  
      Both - Please describe:


    59. What are the criteria considered in selecting members of the standard-setting body (e.g., best person for the job, sector of the profession, private and public members, academic, geographical representation, etc.)?


    60. Who appoints these members (e.g., member body, government, user, regulator, etc.)?


    61. What is the term of appointment for members?
      Year(s)


    62. For how many years has the standard-setting body been in existence?
      Year(s)


    63. Please indicate the budget in US$ of the standard-setting body for the last fiscal year:
      Note: Please enter a whole number using commas (e.g., 4,000,000)

      Please enter the exchange rate used to calculate this number.

      Note: Please enter a decimal amount (e.g., 4.0027)



    64. To what entity is the standard-setting body accountable?


    65. Describe the due process followed by the standard-setting body. Please include explanations of the following:
    1. public exposure of standards

      Refer to responses to section 5 regarding the Technical Committee and due process

    2. accessibility of meetings (i.e., public or private)



    3. approval process for final standards (i.e., majority required to approve final standards)



    4. other relevant due process activities



    66. Approximately how many days per year does the standard-setting body meet in full session (including teleconferences)?
      Day(s)



    Section 7 -- Education


    Responses to questions in this section will provide a description of how education requirements for the profession are established. Please indicate the role your organization plays within this process.

    Section 7A -- Education Requirements


    67. Please describe in general terms the education system in your country including the different stages of education from early childhood education through to tertiary level study. Please indicate which aspects / levels are compulsory as part of the national education system:
      Primary Standard 1 to Standard 7, Secondary Form 1 to Form 5, 'O' level, 'A' Level, Degree/Vocational/Professional


    68. Is there a legal authority or regulation that specifies the requirements for an individual to operate as an accountant or auditor in your country?
      Yes   No

      If YES, please provide the name and describe the requirements, including any relating to education, experience or qualifications.

      Specified by the Accountants Act (Note: revisions to the Act are currently being proposed).

      Accountants have to be BIA members to be auditors and BIA's Council requirements recognize a number of national designations for specific BIA membership categories. The draft proposals to revise the Accountants Act include provisions to establish Botswana accountancy education requirements.


    69. Please select from below all the relevant key levels of requirements to obtain certification from your member body (i.e. to qualify as a certified or chartered accountant) and provide a general description of the requirement.
      Academic requirements
      Professional examinations
      BIA's requirements currently recognizes a number of national designations for specific BIA membership categories. Each recognized national body is a member of IFAC
      Practical experience
      As prescribed by the respective Institutes of the various countries, who are in turn member of IFAC
      Final qualifying examination
      No professional exam is established by Botswana government or BIA itself as applicants take the respective accountancy body's exams. The BIA does conduct an exam relating to specific matters such as taxation.
      Other (please describe)
      Refer to the BIA website for additional information about the different membership categories.


    70. Which of the following arrangements best describes who establishes the education requirements for the accounting profession in your country? Please select one option.
      A government ministry, department or agency establishes education requirements for the accounting profession with no additional requirements set by the member body(ies).
      A government ministry, department or agency establishes minimum education requirements for the accounting profession, and member body(ies) supplement these requirements.
      Member body(ies) establishes the education requirements for the accounting profession.
      Other (please describe)


    71. Please provide the name(s) of the relevant body in the government ministry, department, agency and / or member body who establishes the education requirements.
      In Ministry of Education, Department of Curriculum Development is responsible for determining the education requirements up to senior secondary level. However, courses related to vocational education and training are dealt by Development of Vocational Education and Training.

    1. A general description of the role of the relevant body(ies) including how it operates and its due process in establishing the education requirements.

      Consultative groups are formed by due representation from the industry and international educational bodies and authorities. However, it is broadly based on Cambridge level requirement of UK.

    2. How many voting members does the relevant body(ies) have

      No voting is involved as matters are resolved by consensus.

    3. Are the members of the relevant body(ies) involved on a voluntary basis or employed by the standard-setting body?
      Voluntary  
      Employed  
      Both - Please describe:

    4. For how many years has the body been in existence?

      Year(s)


    72. How would you describe the authority that the education requirements have?
      Requirements are legally-based
      Requirements are set in the constitution, by-laws or other rules of the relevant body(ies).
      Requirements are set in member body(ies) policy document(s).
      Other (please describe) They emanate from revised national policy on education formulated by Ministry of Education.

    72 a. How can IFAC obtain copies of these documents?
      Requesting the Ministry of Education Headquarters.

    72 b. Are these documents available in English?
      Yes   No


    73. Are the education requirements for accountants and auditors the same throughout your country, or do they differ among regions, provinces or states?
      Same   Different
      If different, please briefly describe the main differences:


    74. Please indicate the scenario that best describes who delivers the education and examination process for members of the profession. Please only select one option.
      The education program and final examination are delivered by the member body.
      The education program and final examination are delivered by the member body and other education institutions (e.g., universities, colleges, and others).
      The education program and final examination are delivered by education institutions (e.g., universities, colleges, and others).
      Other (please explain)


    75. Once qualified as a member of your professional body, can members offer their services directly to the public?
      Yes   No



    Section 7B -- Licensing


    76. Are there licensing requirements for auditors in your country?
      Yes (continue with Question 77)   No (proceed to Section 8)


    77. Who sets the requirements to obtain a license?
      The Accountants Act but monitored by BIA


    78. What are the requirements to obtain a license (please select all relevant requirements.)?
      Academic study specific for obtaining a license
      Practical experience
      Licensing examination
      Final qualifying examination
      Other (please describe)
      In specific cases a local tax exam may have to be cleared.


    79. Are there ongoing requirements to retain a license?
      Yes   No

      If YES, please select all relevant requirements.
      Continuing professional development
      Re-examination
      Other (please specify):


    80. What entity grants the license?
      BIA


    81. Describe any additional licensing requirements for auditors of listed entities (e.g., additional education requirements, registration, etc.).
      No. Every auditor must be in possession of a COP (Certificate of Practice) granted by BIA and renewed every year.



    Section 8 -- Public Sector Accounting Standards


    Responses to this section will provide a description of the legal and professional framework governing public sector accounting standards in your country. The section focuses on the establishment of such standards. Please indicate, where appropriate, the role of your organization within this framework.

    Section 8A -- Statutory Framework


    82. Please provide the name of the Legal authority and/or self-regulatory rules establishing public sector accounting standards in your country, the date of last amendment and the name of the body responsible for setting public sector accounting standards. If the standards are different for different entities (e.g., whole of government, ministry/department, statutory authority/agency, profit entity owned by government, state governments, local governments, other [please specify]), please specify the details that apply to each.
      Type of entity Name of
      legal
      authority
      Date of last
      amendment
      (e.g. MM/YYYY 06/2001)
      Name of body responsible
      for setting public sector
      accounting standards
      Whole of government
      Ministry/department Finance & Audit Act 1997 Ministry of Finance, through Accountant General
      Statutory authority/agency
      Profit entity owned by government
      State governments
      Local governments
      Other (please describe)
      Other (please describe)

      a. How can IFAC obtain copies of these documents?

      The Act and Financial Instructions and procedures can be obtained from Accountant General, Gaborone. They are not standards per se but financial regulations and procedures. These regulations are applied across the government.

      b. Are the documents available in English?
      Yes   No


    Section 8B -- Standard-Setting (Ministry of Finance, through Accountant General)


    83. For Ministry of Finance, through Accountant General, please indicate the nature of the body (i.e., whether it is part of a government ministry or department, an agency appointed by government, a private organization established by the profession, or other [please describe]) and the name of the standards.
      a. Nature of body

      Refer to the Ministry of Finance

      b. Name of standards



    84. How many voting members does the standard-setting body have?


    85. Are the members of the standard-setting body involved on a voluntary basis or employed by the standard-setting body?
      Voluntary  
      Employed  
      Both - Please describe:


    86. What are the criteria considered in selecting members of the standard-setting body (e.g., best person for the job, sector of the profession, private and public members, academic, geographical representation, etc.)?


    87. Who appoints these members (e.g., member body, government, user, regulator, etc.)?


    88. What is the term of appointment for members?
      Year(s)


    89. For how many years has the standard-setting body been in existence?
      Year(s)


    90. Please indicate the budget in US$ of the standard-setting body for the last fiscal year:
      Note: Please enter a whole number using commas (e.g., 4,000,000)

      Please enter the exchange rate used to calculate this number.

      Note: Please enter a decimal amount (e.g., 4.0027)



    91. To what entity is the standard-setting body accountable?


    92. Describe the due process followed by the standard-setting body. Please include explanations of the following:
    1. public exposure of standards



    2. accessibility of meetings (i.e., public or private)



    3. approval process for final standards (i.e., majority required to approve final standards)



    4. other relevant due process activities



    93. Approximately how many days per year does the standard-setting body meet in full session (including teleconferences)?
      Day(s)



    Section 9 -- Private Sector Accounting Standards


    Responses to the questions in this section will provide a description of the legal, statutory and professional framework governing private-sector accounting standards in your country. The section focuses on the establishment of such standards. Please indicate what role your organization plays within this framework.

    Section 9A -- Statutory Framework


    94. Please provide the name of the Legal authority and/or self-regulatory rules that establish private-sector accounting standards in your country, the date of last amendment, and the name of the body responsible for setting private sector accounting standards. If the standards are different for different entities (for example, listed entities, private companies, governmental organization, not for profit organizations, etc.), please specify the requirements that apply to each.
      Type of entity Name of legal
      authority or
      applicable
      rules
      Date of last
      amendment
      (e.g. MM/YYYY 06/2001)
      Name of body responsible
      for setting private sector
      accounting standards
      Listed entity Companies Act 1985 Botswana Institute of Accountants
      Other (please describe) Private entities Companies Act 1985 Botswana Institute of Accountants
      Other (please describe)
      Other (please describe)
      Other (please describe)

      a. How can IFAC obtain copies of these documents?

      Contact BIA

      b. Are the documents available in English?
      Yes   No


    Section 9B -- Standard-Setting (Botswana Institute of Accountants)


    95. For Botswana Institute of Accountants, please indicate the nature of the body (i.e., whether it is part of a government ministry or department, an agency appointed by government, a private organization established by the profession, or other [please describe]) and the name of the standards.
      a. Nature of body

      The Botswana Institute of Accountants (BIA) is governed by the Accountants Act 1988 as amended and the Rules and Regulations made under the Act. The Institute is a self-regulating body whose affairs are managed by the Council of the Institute.

      The Botswana Institute of Accountants was established with effect from 2 July 1990 following the proclamation of the Act.

      The Institute is a self-regulating body whose affairs are managed by the Council of the Institute.


      b. Name of standards

      BIA adopts International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs).

      Note: Both the Companies Act and securities requirements require the use of IFRSs.


    96. How many voting members does the standard-setting body have?
      Refer to section 5 for information about the Technical Committee and the due process.


    97. Are the members of the standard-setting body involved on a voluntary basis or employed by the standard-setting body?
      Voluntary  
      Employed  
      Both - Please describe:


    98. What are the criteria considered in selecting members of the standard-setting body (e.g., best person for the job, sector of the profession, private and public members, academic, geographical representation, etc.)?


    99. Who appoints these members (e.g., member body, government, user, regulator, etc.)?


    100. What is the term of appointment for members?
      Year(s)


    101. For how many years has the standard-setting body been in existence?
      Year(s)


    102. Please indicate the budget in US$ of the standard-setting body for the last fiscal year:
      Note: Please enter a whole number using commas (e.g., 4,000,000)

      Please enter the exchange rate used to calculate this number.

      Note: Please enter a decimal amount (e.g., 4.0027)



    103. To what entity is the standard-setting body accountable?


    104. Describe the due process followed by the standard-setting body. Please include explanations of the following:
    1. public exposure of standards

      Refer to section 5 for information about the Technical Committee and the due process.

    2. accessibility of meetings (i.e., public or private)



    3. approval process for final standards (i.e., majority required to approve final standards)



    4. other relevant due process activities



    105. Approximately how many days per year does the standard-setting body meet in full session (including teleconferences)?
      Day(s)



    Section 10 -- Monitoring (Quality Assurance) and Enforcement


    Responses to the questions in this section will provide a description of the legal and professional framework governing regulation of the profession in your country. Please indicate what role your organization plays within this framework.

    Section 10A -- Securities Market Regulatory Authority


    106. Name the authority that regulates the securities market:
      Registrar of Stock Exchange at the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning


    107. What responsibilities does this organization have for monitoring and enforcing compliance with accounting, reporting or auditing requirements? Please identify the Legal authority that establishes that responsibility:
      The Listing and Trading department deals with listing related matters.


    108. Briefly describe the role of the regulatory authority as it relates to the following:
    1. regulation of the audit profession



    2. accounting and auditing standard-setting

      The securities regulations require use of IFRSs and ISAs.

    3. review of financial statements prepared by listed entities, and monitoring of their compliance with the accounting and disclosure requirements

      The Registrar conducts reviews where there are complaints, concerns regarding, for example, insider trading.



    Section 10B -- Stock Exchange


    109. Name the four largest stock exchangers (by market capitalization) and whether it is organized as a profit or not-for-profit organization:
      Profit Not
      for
      profit
      Stock Exchange
      Botswana Stock Exchange



    Section 10B -- Stock Exchange
    Botswana Stock Exchange Details


    110. For Botswana Stock Exchange, is there a mechanism at the stock exchange(s) for monitoring and enforcing financial reporting, accounting and auditing of listed entities?
      Yes   No

      If YES, please describe the following:

    1. How the monitoring and enforcement of financial reporting, accounting and auditing is conducted.

      There are two divisions at the Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE) that oversees compliance: (1) one for listings and trading and (2) for corporate affairs dealing with brokers etc.

    2. The consequences of non-compliance with the financial reporting, accounting or auditing requirements.

      These are included in the BSE Act and the underlying regulations.

    3. How enforcement actions are administered.

      Audits at the brokerage houses and observing close period trades are conducted when required.



    Section 10C -- Regulatory Oversight of the Accounting Profession


    111. Has an audit profession oversight body been established (e.g., to oversee the external quality assurance review process, etc.)?
      Yes   No

      If NO, proceed to the next section.

      If YES, please describe :

    1. What are the name and duties of the oversight body?



    2. The number of members on the oversight body



    3. Its powers



    4. How the oversight body conducts or oversees a program of inspections to assess the degree of compliance of each audit firm/auditor with applicable auditing standards and regulations



    5. The sanctions the oversight body may impose in the event of non-compliance



    6. How the oversight body is accountable to any public institution or body



    Section 10D -- Banks Regulatory Authority


    112. Name the authority that regulates the banks and similar financial institutions. Discuss how this authority differentiates between accounting requirements for regulatory reporting and general purpose external financial reporting:
      Bank of Botswana.


    113. Discuss briefly the legal requirements with respect to monitoring and enforcement by the regulatory authority of accounting and auditing standards that apply to the banks and similar financial institutions:
      It conducts reviews of audits and liaises directly with the auditor on these requirements.


    114. Briefly describe the role of the regulatory authority as it relates to the following:
    1. regulation of the audit profession



    2. accounting and auditing standard-setting



    3. review of financial statements prepared by listed entities



    4. enforcement of accounting, reporting and auditing requirements




    Section 10E -- Non-Banking Financial Institutions Regulatory Authority


    115. Name the regulatory authority(ies) responsible for monitoring compliance with and enforcing accounting, reporting and auditing requirements imposed on non-banking institutions.


    116. What is the source of Legal authority of the regulatory authority(ies)?


    117. Briefly describe the role of the regulatory authority(ies) as it relates to the following:
    1. regulation of the audit profession



    2. accounting and auditing standard-setting



    3. review of financial statements prepared by listed entities



    4. enforcement of accounting, reporting and auditing requirements




    Section 10F -- Insurance Companies Regulatory Authority


    118. Name the regulatory authority responsible for monitoring compliance with and enforcing accounting, reporting and auditing requirements imposed on insurance companies.
      Insurance Registrar at the Ministry of Finance


    119. What is the source of Legal authority of the regulatory authority(ies)?


    120. Briefly describe the role of the regulatory authority(ies) as it relates to the following
    1. regulation of the audit profession



    2. accounting and auditing standard-setting



    3. review of financial statements prepared by listed listed entities



    4. enforcement of accounting, reporting and auditing requirements




    Section 10G -- Other Regulatory Authority


    121. Name any other regulatory authority(ies) responsible for monitoring compliance with and enforcing accounting, reporting and auditing requirements.


    122. What is the source of Legal authority of each regulatory authority?


    123. Briefly describe the role of the regulatory authority(ies) as it relates to the following
    1. regulation of the audit profession



    2. accounting and auditing standard-setting



    3. review of financial statements prepared by listed listed entities



    4. enforcement of accounting, reporting and auditing requirements




    Section 10H -- Quality Assurance


    124. Does any organization of professional accountants/auditors organize a program of quality assurance review to monitor compliance with accounting, reporting and auditing requirements?
      Yes   No

      If NO, proceed to next Section.

      If YES, briefly describe the monitoring and enforcement mechanism.

      Practice review (peer review) of all registered members are carried out. The reviews are at the level of those who sign audit reports and are subject to a 5 year review cycle. Refer also response to question 132.



    125. Under what authority does the organization conduct the program of quality assurance review?


    126. Who performs the review (e.g., one firm reviewing another firm, staff from the national professional organization, contractors, or a combination of these)?
      Due to a lack of resources, reviews are conducted by the Public Accountants' and Auditors' Board (South Africa).



    Section 10 I -- Investigation and Discipline


    127. Is there a process for investigating and disciplining the accounting profession in your country?

    128. Which of the following best describes the responsibility for the investigatory and disciplinary function in your country?
      Government or other agencies are solely responsible for this function.
      Government or other agencies have this responsibility, but the member body or bodies participate in the process.
      Government formally delegates this function to the member body or bodies, to exercise on its behalf.
      Member body or bodies have separate and independent processes that operate alongside processes of legal authorities.
      Other (please explain)


    129. Please indicate the name of the body or bodies responsible for investigation and discipline.
      The BIA Disciplinary Committee which is statutorily required by the Accountants Act. The Committee considers cases referred to it and also considers the sanctions required. Results of the peer review are referred to the Practice Review Committee as different from the Disciplinary Committee.


    Responses to the remaining questions in this Section are required if your organization has responsibility for investigation and disciplinary actions.

    130. How many voting members does the body have?
      5 (three must be BIA Council members)


    131. Are the members of the body involved on a voluntary basis or employed by the standard-setting body?
      Voluntary  
      Employed  
      Both - Please describe:


    132. What are the criteria considered in selecting members of the body (e.g., best person for the job, sector of the profession, private and public members, academic, geographical representation, etc.)?
      5 members (Two Council members, Two Practicing members and the Auditor General, who is also a Council member). The one non-practicing member from the private sector is in the Practice Review Committee. The Practice review Committee is made up of One Council member, who is the chairperson; three practicing members; one non practicing member from the private sector; the Director of PAAB and the Secretary of BIA.


    133. Who appoints these members (e.g., member body, government, user, regulator, etc.)?


    134. What is the term of appointment for members?
      1 Year(s)


    135. For how many years has the body been in existence?
      Year(s)


    136. Please indicate the budget in US$ of the body for the last fiscal year.
      Note: Please enter a whole number using commas (e.g., 4,000,000)

      Please enter the exchange rate used to calculate this number.

      Note: Please enter a decimal amount (e.g., 4.0027)

      (specify currency)



    137. To what entity is the body accountable?



    138. Approximately how many days per year does the body meet in full session (including teleconferences)?
      Day(s)



     

     

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    The information contained within the Part 1 Assessment of the Regulatory and Standard-Setting Framework Questionnaires, Part 2 SMO Self-Assessment Questionnaires, and Part 3 SMO Action Plans are based entirely on information provided to IFAC by the IFAC member or associate to which the information relates. Further, the information has been collected by IFAC for the exclusive use and benefit of IFAC and IFAC's members and associates, but is being made available through this website to the general public in the interest of transparency of the IFAC Member Body Compliance Program. While certain efforts are made to validate the information, IFAC undertakes no obligation to confirm or investigate the completeness or accuracy of any of the content of the questionnaire or action plan, now or at any time in the future. Persons accessing the questionnaire or action plan assume full responsibility for the use of the information set forth herein. IFAC does not make any express or implied warranties or representations whatsoever as to any information provided through the questionnaire or action plan, including, without limitation, that the information contained herein will be error-free. IFAC shall not be liable for any damages, including, without limitation, direct, indirect, incidental, special, punitive or consequential damages, that result in any way from your use or reliance on information provided in the questionnaire or action plan. If you need to rely on the information set forth herein for any purpose, you are urged to confirm the information set forth herein with other sources.

    * Indicates organizations that qualify to submit SMO Action Plans biennially

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