Press Releases/News Alerts
IPSASB Publishes Exposure Draft on First-Time Adoption of Accrual Basis IPSASs
The International Public Sector Accounting Standards Board (IPSASB) has published an Exposure Draft (ED 53), First-Time Adoption of Accrual Basis International Public Sector Accounting Standards. This proposed standard, which is applicable to entities that present accrual basis financial statements during the process of adopting and implementing International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSASs), provides exemptions during the transition period.
“Entities understand that adoption of accrual basis IPSASs is a complex process that requires time and detailed guidance,” said IPSASB Chair Andreas Bergmann. “This ED provides a helpful starting point for first-time adoption of accrual basis IPSASs. It grants specific transitional exemptions from the requirements in IPSASs where the cost of complying would likely exceed the benefits to users of financial statements. As a global standard setter, the IPSASB does not give entity specific guidance on how to manage the IPSAS implementation process. We have compiled good practices on relevant areas in Study 14 Transition to the Accrual Basis of Accounting: Guidance for Governments and Government Entities, which is available from our website in English and Spanish.”
Specifically, ED 53 allows a first-time adopter three years to recognize certain assets and liabilities. This transition period acknowledges that entities may not have comprehensive information about the existence of assets and liabilities, and that considerable effort may be required to identify, measure, and classify assets and liabilities in accordance with IPSASs. ED 53 also allows a first-time adopter to determine a surrogate for acquisition cost or depreciated cost of an asset when reliable information about the historical cost of an asset is not available.
ED 53 encourages, but does not require, entities to provide comparative information in their transitional IPSAS financial statements or their first IPSAS financial statements. Where comparative information is presented, ED 53 states that the comparative information should be adjusted retrospectively to the extent that information is available. Where an entity elects not to present comparative information, ED 53 specifies those financial statements that an entity’s transitional IPSAS financial statements must, at a minimum, include.
The ED states that a reconciliation should be presented in the notes to an entity’s transitional IPSAS financial statements or first IPSAS financial statements. A reconciliation is not required where the entity previously applied the cash basis of accounting. A reconciliation is important for users to understand the relationship between information presented under the previous basis of accounting and the IPSAS information.
ED 53 identifies those transitional exemptions that impact fair presentation and an entity’s ability to assert compliance with accrual basis IPSASs, and separates them from those that do not. The transitional exemptions in ED 53 will replace many of the existing transitional provisions contained in IPSASs. Future IPSASs will only prescribe transitional provisions to address changes to a standard where entities already apply that standard.
How to Comment
To access the ED and the At-a-Glance document, which provides a summary of the ED, or to submit a comment, please visit the IPSASB website at www.ipsasb.org. Comments on the ED are requested by February 15, 2014. The IPSASB encourages IFAC members, associates, and regional accountancy bodies to promote the availability of these EDs to their members and employees.
About the IPSASB
The IPSASB develops accounting standards and guidance for use by public sector entities. The structures and processes that support the operations of the IPSASB are facilitated by IFAC. The IPSASB receives support (both direct financial and in-kind) from the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada, the South African Accounting Standards Board, and the governments of Canada, New Zealand, and Switzerland.
IFAC is the global organization for the accountancy profession, dedicated to serving the public interest by strengthening the profession and contributing to the development of strong international economies. It is comprised of 173 members and associates in 129 countries and jurisdictions, representing approximately 2.5 million accountants in public practice, education, government service, industry, and commerce.