Bosnia and Herzegovina

Member Organizations

Member Organization Associate

  Association of Accountants and Auditors of Republic of Srpska
  Union of Accountants, Auditors and Financial Workers of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Legal and Regulatory Environment

  • Overview of Statuatory Framework for Accounting and Auditing

    The accounting, auditing, and financial reporting framework for Entities within Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH)—the Federation of BiH (FBiH) and the Republika Srpska—is defined by the Law on Accounting and Auditing of BiH No. 42/04 of 2004, with the Federation of BiH and the Republika Srpska each having adopted its parallel law on accounting and auditing that transposes the requirements of the framework.

    The BiH Law requires application of IFRS or IFRS for SMEs as issued by the IASB and translated into national languages, based on entity size, for the preparation of financial statements.

    The law also defines the types of companies that are subject to mandatory audit, which include large and medium-sized entities, publicly traded entities, and entities subject to obligatory auditing if it has been prescribed by the regulations defining their business operations. Small entities may choose to have their financial statements audited. All audits must be conducted in accordance with ISA and related pronouncements as issued by the IAASB and translated into national languages.

    Federation of BiH

    Accounting Framework

    In the Federation of BiH, the Law on Accounting and Auditing of the FBiH of 2009 (FBiH A&A Law 2009) establishes the requirements for accounting and auditing. Provisions of the FBiH A&A Law 2009 related to accounting apply to all business companies, including insurance, microcredit, leasing, investment funds, companies managing investment funds, broker-dealers, stock exchanges and banks, other financial organizations, cooperatives, among others. All enterprises must to prepare and file their financial statements.

    The Ministry of Finance is responsible for supervising bookkeeping and accounting systems and ensuring that legal entities comply with the provisions of the FBiH A&A Law 2009.

    In line with the requirements of the BiH Law No. 42/04, Article 33 of the FBiH A&A Law 2009 has established the requirement for all legal entities to apply either IFRS or IFRS for SMEs as issued by IASB and translated into national languages.

    There are differentiated reporting requirements based on the size of entities (small, medium, and large) that are detailed in the above law. Banks, listed companies, microcredit companies, savings and loans cooperative ventures, insurance companies, leasing companies, companies managing investment funds, companies managing mandatory or voluntary pension funds, stock exchanges, brokerage and dealership companies, and other financial organizations are classified as large.

    Large and medium-sized companies must apply IFRS. Beginning in 2013, the following entities may opt to apply IFRS for SMEs:

    • Large unlisted entities which meet at least two out of three of the following: 250 employees, total assets of KM4 million and total revenue of KM8 million;
    • Medium-sized unlisted entities which meet at least two out of three of the following: between 50 and 250 employees, total assets between KM1 and KM4 million and total revenue between KM2 and KM8 million; and
    • Small-sized entities which are companies below the abovementioned sizes.

    Auditing Framework

    In line with the requirements of the BiH Law No. 42/04, Article 34 of the FBiH A&A Law of 2009 requires application of the IAASB standards and related pronouncements in all mandatory audits as issued by the IAASB and transacted into local languages. In the Federation of BiH, the responsibility for translation and publication of the IAASB pronouncements is delegated to the UAAFWFBH. The 2016–2017 IAASB Handbook has been translated and is being applied as of 2019. The 2018 IAASB Handbook was published in October 2019 as part of the cooperation with the CAC and is available at: http://www.srr-fbih.org/me%C4%91unarodnirevizijskistandardi-21

    Republika Srpska

    Accounting Framework

    In line with the requirements of the BiH Law No. 42/04, the Law on Accounting and Auditing of the Republika Srpska No. 94/15 requires all entities, including those in the financial sector and publicly traded companies, to prepare financial statements in accordance with either IFRS or IFRS for SMEs as issued by the IASB and translated into Serbian. The latest translated version of IFRS is that of 2009.

    Accounting and Auditing Council of the Republika Srpska, established under the Law No. 94/15, is charged with monitoring application of accounting and auditing standards in the Entity.

    There are differentiated reporting requirements based on the size of entities (micro, small, medium, and large) that are detailed in the above Law. Micro and small entities are required to prepare only balance sheet and income statement, whereas medium-sized and large companies are required to prepare a full set of financial statements in accordance with the applicable standards. Banks and non-bank financial institutions are classified as large regardless of size.

    Medium and large entities are required to apply IFRS. Micro and small companies can use IFRS for SME.

    Auditing Framework

    In line with the requirements of the BiH Law No. 42/04, all large and medium-sized entities, entities that prepare consolidated financial statements, and publicly traded entities are required to have mandatory audits of their financial statements performed in accordance with the BiH Law No. 42/04 and the Law No. 94/15. Small entities may decide to have their financial statement audited. Audits must be conducted in accordance with ISA issued by the IAASB and translated into Serbian. The 2013 IAASB Handbook has been translated and issued as of 2019.

  • Regulation of Accountancy Profession

    At the jurisdictional level, the Law on Accounting and Auditing of Bosnia and Herzegovina No. 42/04 (BiH Law No. 42/04) lays down the foundations for the regulation of the accountancy profession that are to be transposed, and elaborated on, in the legislation of the two decentralized Entities (i.e. the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina—FBiH and the Republic of Srpska—RS).

    In particular, the Law stipulates that the requirements for entry into the profession such as educational qualifications, practical experience, continuing education, and final assessment must be established by the Accounting and Auditing Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina (AACBiH) and should take into account the requirements of the Statutory Audit Directive and be in line with the IES. The AACBiH has delegated the implementation of the above requirements to the professional accountancy organizations in the two Entities: the Association of Accountants and Auditors of Republic of Srpska (AAARS) and the Union of Accountants, Auditors and Financial Workers of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (UAAFWFBH).

    The Law recognizes three categories of accountancy professionals in the jurisdiction: Authorized Auditors (AAs), Certified Accountants (CAs), and Certified Accounting Technicians (CATs). All three designations are protected under the same law. Entities cannot impose additional requirements in terms of education, examination, and professional training.

    CAs must hold a University diploma, have three years of working experience in accounting and finance, and pass the exams. AAs must hold a University diploma, have three years of working experience in an audit firm after obtaining the title of CA, and pass the exams. CATs must have secondary education, three years of practical experience in bookkeeping, and pass the exams.

    Standards to be applied by the profession as well as the general requirement for monitoring performance of the professionals and applying sanctions are also established at the jurisdictional level. These requirements are further detailed and implemented at the entity level by the above-mentioned professional associations and other government agencies and regulators. IFRS, ISA, and the IESBA Code of Ethics are adopted as issued by the respective international standard-setting boards and translated into national languages.

    Federation of BiH

    The regulation of the accountancy profession in Federation of BiH is established under the Law on Accounting and Auditing of the FBiH of 2009 (FBiH A&A Law 2009), which transposes the requirements of the BiH Law No. 42/04.

    The Ministry of Finance of the Federation of BiH, the Chamber of Auditors, the Public Oversight Board (POB), and the authorized accountancy professional organization, the UAAFWFBH, share the responsibility for the regulation of the profession.

    The Ministry of Finance is responsible for licensing statutory auditors and audit firms and keeping the register of statutory auditors based on the data provided by the UAAFWFBH.

    The Chamber of Auditors of the Federation of BiH, established under Article 61 of the FBiH A&A Law 2009, regulates auditors. Its functions include: (i) support and maintain the reputation of the auditing profession; (ii) develop minimal methodology for quality assurance reviews of audit firms and statutory auditors; (iii) supervise the quality of audit firms and statutory auditors, conduct proceedings as required and take necessary measures to eliminate and sanction identified irregularities, notifying the Ministry of Finance thereof every six months; (iv) adopt the Code of Professional Ethics for Auditors; and (v) develop a continuing professional development (CPD) plan for AAs. All auditors in public practice must be members of the Chamber.

    The activities of the Chamber of Auditors are overseen by the POB, which was established under Article 66 of the FBiH A&A Law 2009 and became operational in 2014.

    The UAAFWFBH was granted the status of an authorized professional accountancy body in 2005 by the AACBiH. Its functions include to: (i) license CAs, CATs; (ii) administer initial professional development programs and exams and conduct and authorize providers of continuous professional education for AAs, CAs and CATs; (iii) ensure compliance with the Code of Ethics, auditing, and accounting standards; (iv) develop and improve education in the field of accounting in accordance with international standards; (v) contribute to alignment of the accounting and auditing curriculum at all universities in the Federation of BiH with the internationally recognized standards; (vi) cooperate with other associations and other organizations in the field; and (vii) monitor, translate and publish standards and all supporting guidance. CAs, CATs, and AAs are required to be members of the union.

    Republika Srpska

    The Law on Accounting and Auditing of the Republika Srpska No. 94/15 establishes requirements for the regulation of the accountancy professionals that are in line with those established by the BiH Law No. 42/04. The Ministry of Finance (MoF) of Republika Srpska and the authorized accounting professional organization, the AAARS, share the responsibility for the regulation of the profession.

    The Ministry of Finance (i) licenses audit firms and AAs; (ii) maintains registers of licensed audit firms and Authorized Auditors; (iii) monitors the performance of auditors, audit firms, and accounting professionals. The Ministry can impose fines and revoke licenses for non-compliance with the requirements of the Law, including conducting audits without proper certification and licenses.

    The AAARS has the authority to implement programs for acquiring professional titles and issuing the relevant certificates to all members of the profession in Republika Srpska upon completion of the required education, examination, and practical experience requirements. It is also responsible for licensing CAs and CATs and establishing CPD requirements for its members (CPD requirement for auditors is established by law), adopt and implement quality assurance review regulations for monitoring the conduct of its members and to implement investigation and disciplinary procedures to ensure that its members comply with professional standards and the Code of Ethics, which are adopted through law. Authorized Auditors must be members in good standing with the AAARS to receive or renew their audit license with the Ministry of Finance. CA and CAT join AAARS on a voluntary basis.

  • Audit Oversight Arrangements

    Federation of BiH

    The Public Oversight Board (POB) was established under Article 66 of the Law on Accounting and Auditing of the FBiH of 2009 (the FBiH A&A Law 2009) and became operational in 2014. The POB oversees activities of the Chamber of Auditors of the Federation of BiH, which regulates the auditors, including: (i) registration of audit firms; (ii) the adoption of standards of professional ethics, internal quality control of audit firms and auditing; and (iii) implementation of continuing professional development requirements for auditors, quality assurance, investigative and disciplinary systems. The POB is not a member of the International Forum of Independent Audit Regulators.

    Republika Srpska

    There is no independent audit oversight arrangement in Republika Srpska. In accordance with the Law on Accounting and Auditing of the Republika Srpska No. 94/15, the Ministry of Finance is responsible for licensing audit firms and Authorized Auditors who wish to conduct audits, maintaining registers of licensed audit firms and Authorized Auditors, and monitoring the performance of auditors and audit firms. The Ministry can impose fines and revoke licenses for non-compliance with the requirements of the Law, including conducting audits without proper certification and licenses. Authorized Auditors are also required to be members in good standing with the Association of Accountants and Auditors of Republic of Srpska and adhere to its rules and requirements, including ethical requirements and disciplinary measures.

  • Professional Accountancy Organizations

    The Law on Accounting and Auditing of BiH No. 42/04 of 2004 prescribes the requirements for “authorized professional accountancy bodies,” including the need for their recognition by the Accounting and Auditing Commission of the BiH (AACBiH).

    Through the Law, in the Federation of BiH, AACBiH issued “authorized professional body” status to the Union of Accountants, Auditors and Financial Workers of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (UAAFWFBH), while in the Republika Srpska the authorized professional body is the Association of Accountants and Auditors of Republic Srpska (AAARS).

    Federation of BiH

    The Chamber of Auditors of the of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    The Chamber is a professional organization with mandatory membership of all auditors in public practice licensed by the Ministry of Finance. The Chamber operates under the Law on Accounting and Auditing of the FBiH of 2009 and is subject to oversight of the Public Oversight Board. The responsibilities of the Chamber of Auditors provided in Article 61 of FBiH A&A Law 2009 include to: (i) support and maintain the reputation of the auditing profession; (ii) develop minimal methodology for quality assurance reviews of audit firms and statutory auditors; (iii) supervise the quality of audit firms and statutory auditors, conduct proceedings as required and take necessary measures to eliminate and sanction identified irregularities, notifying the Ministry of Finance thereof every six months; (iv) adopt the Code of Professional Ethics for Auditors; and (v) develop a continuing professional development (CPD) plan for Authorized Auditors.

    The Union of Accountants, Auditors and Financial Workers of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (UAAFWFBH)

    The UAAFWFBH is a non-governmental, non-profit, professional association that was established by three professional associations in 2003. Membership in the union is mandatory for all certified professional accountants. UAAFWFBH members provide a variety of services in the fields of accounting, finance, audit, tax advising, and appraisal of economic value of property.

    The UAAFWFBH was granted the status of an authorized professional accountancy body in 2005 by the AACBiH. Its functions include to: (i) license CAs, CATs; (ii) administer initial professional development programs and exams and conduct and authorize providers of continuous professional education for Authorized Auditors, CAs and CATs; (iii) ensure compliance with the Code of Ethics, auditing, and accounting standards; (iv) develop and improve education in the field of accounting in accordance with international standards; (v) contribute to alignment of the accounting and auditing curriculum at all universities in the Federation of BiH with the internationally recognized standards; (vi) cooperate with other associations and other organizations in the field; and (vii) monitor, translate and publish standards and all supporting guidance. In addition to being a member of IFAC, the UAAFWFBH since December 2015 is a member or Accountancy Europe.

    Republika Srpska

    Association of Accountants and Auditors Republika Srpska (AAARS)

    The AAARS was established in 1996 and its membership is comprised of Authorized Auditors, CAs, CATs as well as Forensic Accountants. The activities of the association are overseen by the Ministry of Finance.

    The association’s mission is to develop and improve the profession, and it aims to fulfill its mission by assisting with the education, examination, training, certification, and continuing professional development of its members, as well as translating, publishing, and implementing professional and technical standards.

    The association collaborates with other regional professional accountancy organizations on the advancement of the profession. Within a framework of regional cooperation, the AAARS works with the Association of Accountants and Auditors of Serbia and the Institute of Certified Accountants of Montenegro to translate IFRS, IFRS for SMEs, IPSAS, ISA, and the IESBA Code of Ethics. In addition to being a member of IFAC, the AAARS is a founding member of the South Eastern European Partnership on Accountancy Development and in December 2015, the AAARS became a full member of Accountancy Europe.

  • Projects or Other Information

Adoption of International Standards

  • Quality Assurance

    Federation of BiH: Partially Adopted

    The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) Law on Accounting and Auditing of the FBiH of 2009 (FBiH A&A Law 2009) created the framework for establishing a quality assurance (QA) review system for all mandatory audits. Under Article 65 of the Law, the Chamber of Auditors of the Federation of BiH is responsible for the design and the implementation of QA reviews for auditors and audit firms under the oversight of the Public Oversight Board.

    In 2014, the Chamber of Auditors adopted the Rulebook on Oversight and Quality Control and the Rulebook on the Minimum Form and Contents of Audit Working Papers for audit firms and statutory auditors.

    The Union of Accountants, Auditors and Financial Workers of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina reported in 2019 that the QA review system as designed is in line with the requirements of SMO 1; however, as of December 2019 it has not become operational.

    Republika Srpska: Partially Adopted

    The Standards Act on Quality Control in Accounting and Auditing Profession in Republic of Srpska of 2012 provides the legal foundation for the establishment of a mandatory QA review system. Certified auditors, certified accountants, certified accounting technicians, audit firms and firms performing accounting services are subject to QA reviews. The 2013 version of ISQC 1 and ISA 220 have been adopted.

    Under the Act, the responsibility for the implementation of the QA review system rests with the Association of Accountants and Auditors of Republic of Srpska (AAARS), under the oversight of the Ministry of Finance’s Commission responsible for enforcing accounting and auditing requirements.

    The AAARS reports that it has been working on the initial design and implementation of the system since 2011, in cooperation with the French professional accountancy organizations Conseil Supérieur de l'Ordre des Experts-Comptables (CSOEC) and Compagnie Nationale des Commissaires aux Comptes (CNCC). Although limited reviews have been conducted, it appears that as of 2019, the QA review system is not yet fully operational. According to the SMO Action Plan submitted by AAARS in 2019, the system of QA reviews was expected to become fully operational by year-end 2018.

    AAARS reports that the Standards Act on Quality Control in Accounting and Auditing Profession in Republic of Srpska of 2012 is based, among other sources, on SMO 1 and the design of its QA review is in general in line with the best practices outlined in SMO 1. The extent of alignment needs to be established, however.

    Current Status: Partially Adopted

  • International Education Standards

    The Accounting and Auditing Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina (AACBiH) is responsible for education and certification of the accountancy profession in the country in accordance with the Law on Accounting and Auditing of Bosnia and Herzegovina No. 42/04. The Law states that education and certification of professionals in the jurisdiction should be carried out in accordance with the international education standards. In line with this requirement, through a Decision to adopt IESs issued in 2006, AACBiH has required that IES be incorporated in the educational requirements in both Entities.

    The AACBiH has delegated the implementation of the education curriculum, examination, training and CPD programs to the professional accountancy organizations in the Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina—AAARS) and UAAFWFBH, respectively.

    Both organizations report that the educational requirements are in general aligned with IES. As of 2019, the extent of alignment with the 2015 IES needs to be confirmed, however.

    The AACBiH has also provided a mechanism for co-operation among the entities’ professional bodies, leading to a unified framework for the education, training and CPD requirements for accountants and auditors.

    The Law recognizes three categories of accountancy professionals: Authorized Auditors (AAs), Certified Accountants (CAs), and Certified Accounting Technicians (CATs). All three designations are protected under the same law. Entities cannot impose additional requirements in terms of education, examination and professional training.

    CAs must hold a University diploma, have three years of working experience in accounting and finance, and pass the exams. AAs must hold a University diploma, have three years of working experience in an audit firm after obtaining the title of CA, and pass the exams. CATs must have secondary education, three years of practical experience in bookkeeping, and pass the exams.

    FBiH: Partially Adopted

    Tthe UAAFWFBH, the Chamber of Auditors, the Public Oversight Board (POB), and Universities are involved in the education of professional accountants as stipulated in the Federation of BiH Law on Accounting and Auditing of the FBiH of 2009.

    UAAFWFBH reports that although significant progress has been made in the Federation of BiH in bringing the educational requirements in line with the IES as required by law, there continue to be some gaps against the 2015 IES as the national requirements are not fully competence-based.

    The Chamber of Auditors is responsible for developing an annual CPD plan for the specialized training of auditors, which must meet the criteria stipulated by the AACBiH. The Chamber of Auditors must submit the CPD plan to the UAAFWFBH in order to be evaluated by the union’s CPD Committee. The POB oversees the implementation of the Chamber’s CPD program.

    The UAAFWFBH (i) licenses CAs and CATs; (ii) administers initial professional development programs and exams for all designations; and (iii) conducts continuous professional education and authorizes CPD providers for all designations. UAAFWFBH initially translated and published the IES of 2009 and in 2016 translated and made publicly available the revised IES of 2015.

    Republika Srpska: Partially Adopted

    The AAARS has the authority to implement the program for acquiring professional titles and issuing the relevant certificates to all members of the profession in Republika Srpska upon completion of the required education, examination, and practical experience requirements. The AAARS also has the authority to establish specific CPD requirements for its members (AAs must be members in good standing with the AAARS to receive or renew their audit license with the Ministry of Finance, while CA and CAT join AAARS on a voluntary basis). The CPD requirement is prescribed by law for auditors, and through the association’s regulations for all AAARS members. It is not clear whether CAs and CATs who do not join AAARS are subject to CPD requirements.

    The AAARS reports that the requirements of 2010 IES have been incorporated in the entity. Nevertheless, according to the World Bank 2017 Accountancy Education: Benchmarking Study, more efforts are needed to align the educational requirements with those of the revised IES of 2015. In particular, both the university and the professional education and training programs could benefit from closer alignment with the learning outcomes prescribed by the revised IES.

    Current Status: Partially Adopted

  • International Standards on Auditing

    The Law on Accounting and Auditing of Bosnia and Herzegovina No. 42/04 of 2004 (BiH Law No. 42/04) defines the types of companies that are subject to mandatory audit and requires mandatory application of the IAASB standards and related pronouncements as translated into the national languages.

    The Accounting and Auditing Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina (AACBiH), a non-governmental independent professional body, was established under the BiH Law No. 42/04 with the responsibility of implementing the standards, as well as translating and publishing, among other functions. The AACBiH has delegated the implementation aspects of its mandate in the Federation of BiH to the Union of Accountants, Auditors and Financial Workers of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (UAAFWFBH), and in the Republika Srpska to Association of Accountants and Auditors of Republic of Srpska (AAARS) through its Decision on Translation and Publication Authorizations published in the Official Gazette of BiH No. 81/06.

    Federation of BiH: Adopted

    In line with the requirements of the BiH Law No. 42/04, Article 34 of the Law on Accounting and Auditing of the FBiH of 2009 requires application of the IAASB standards and related pronouncements in all mandatory audits as issued by the IAASB and translated into local languages. In the Federation of BiH, the responsibility for translation and publication of the IAASB pronouncements is delegated to the UAAFWFBH.

    The 2018 IAASB Handbook was translated into Croatian by the Croatian Audit Chamber (CAC) in cooperation with the UAAFWFBH and made publicly available on the union’s website.

    Republika Srpska: Partially Adopted

    In line with the requirements of the BiH Law No. 42/04, the Law on Accounting and Auditing of the Republika Srpska No. 94/15 requires application of the IAASB standards and related pronouncements in all mandatory audits as issued by the IAASB and transacted into local languages.

    The 2013 IAASB Handbook has been translated and issued. No plans to translate the most recent version of ISA have been reported.

    Current Status: Partially Adopted

  • Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants

    The Law on Accounting and Auditing of Bosnia and Herzegovina No. 42/04 of 2004 (BiH Law No. 42/04) requires mandatory application of the IESBA Code of Ethics for all professional accountants as issued by the IESBA and translated into the national languages.

    The Accounting and Auditing Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina (AACBiH), a non-governmental independent professional body, under the BiH Law No. 42/04, is responsible for the translation and publication of the IESBA Code of Ethics and has delegated the implementation aspects of its mandate in the Federation of BiH (FBiH) to the Union of Accountants, Auditors and Financial Workers of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (UAAFWFBH), and in the Republika Srpska to the Association of Accountants and Auditors of Republic of Srpska (AAARS) through its Decision on Translation and Publication Authorizations published in the Official Gazette of BiH No. 81/06.

    Federation of BiH: Adopted

    In line with the requirements of the BiH Law No. 42/04, the Law on Accounting and Auditing of the FBiH of 2009 requires application of the IESBA Code by all professional accountants in the FBiH. As of 2019, the 2018 version of the IESBA Code of Ethics has been translated by the UAAFWFBH into Bosnian in compliance with the IFAC Translation Policy.

    Republika Srpska: Partially Adopted

    The Law on Accounting and Auditing of the Republika Srpska No. 94/15 requires application of the IESBA Code of Ethics. The AAARS entered into a cooperation agreement for a common translation of the IESBA Code of Ethics with the professional accountancy organizations in Serbia and Montenegro. Under this agreement, the 2015 version of the IESBA Code of Ethics has been translated into Serbian, in accordance with the IFAC Translation Policy, and is being applied. Plans to translate the new revised and restructured 2018 version of the IESBA Code have not been reported.

    Current Status: Partially Adopted

  • International Public Sector Accounting Standards

    The Law on Accounting and Auditing of Bosnia and Herzegovina No. 42/04 of 2004 (BiH Law No. 42/04) requires application of IPSAS. The Accounting and Auditing Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina (AACBiH), a non-governmental independent professional body, was established under the BiH Law No. 42/04 with the responsibility for implementing public sector accounting standards, as well as translating and publishing the standards into the national languages, among other functions.

    Federation of BiH: Adopted

    Article 33 of the FBiH A&A Law of 2009 transposed the requirement to apply IPSAS, which is the responsibility of the Ministry of Finance. However, as of 2019, the IPSAS have not been implemented and IFRS are being applied. As stated in the Public Finance Management Reform Strategy in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina 2017–2020, the Government of FBiH planned to adopt IPSAS during a three-year period by 2019, in a phased approach. However, the reforms were further postponed due to lack of technical and financial resources.

    Republika Srpska: Adopted

    The Law on Accounting and Auditing of the Republika Srpska No. 94/15 adopted IPSAS for in the Republic by all levels of government. Under the Law, the Ministry of Finance of Republika Srpska is responsible for overseeing the implementation of this requirement. The 2013 version of the Handbook of International Public Sector Accounting Pronouncements, as translated by the Serbian Association of Accountants and Auditors, has been made publicly available. No plans to translate the most recent version of IPSAS have been reported.

    Current Status: Partially Adopted

  • Investigation and Discipline

    Federation of BiH: Partially Adopted

    All professional accountants in the Federation of BiH (FBiH) are subject to investigative and disciplinary (I&D) procedures established by a number of regulatory bodies. The Chamber of Auditors, under the oversight of the Public Oversight Board, operates an I&D system for auditors, while the the Union of Accountants, Auditors and Financial Workers of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (UAAFWFBH) is responsible for establishing an I&D system for its members (all professional accountants in the jurisdiction must be members of the UAAFWFBH).

    In accordance with the FBiH Law on Accounting and Auditing of the FBiH of 2009 (FBiH A&A Law 2009) and the Statute of the Union of Accountants, Auditors and Financial Workers of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (UAAFWFBH), the union operates an I&D system for breaches of ethical requirements and professional standards by its members.

    In March 2012, the union adopted the Book of Regulation on Disciplinary Liability, which established the Prosecutorial Council and Discipline Review Body. The requirements of the Book are mostly in-line with those of SMO 6; however, the UAAFWFBH intends to improve the I&D system to be more compliant with the SMO 6 requirements as one of its strategic objectives moving forward.

    Under Article 61 of the FBiH A&A Law 2009, the Chamber of Auditors is responsible for establishing an I&D system for Authorized Auditors (AAs), which also covers UAAFWFBH members. The Public Oversight Board is responsible for overseeing the Chamber in implementing its I&D system with respect to auditors.

    The union reports that the Chamber established its I&D system in 2015 and the design of the system is mostly in line with SMO 6 requirements.

    According to the UAAFWFBH, the new Law on Accounting and Auditing was expected to clarify the I&D responsibilities of organizations involved in the process. As of 2019, the law has not been adopted.

    Republika Srpska: Partially Adopted

    The Law on Accounting and Auditing of the Republika Srpska No. 94/15 grants authority to the Ministry of Finance of Republika Srpska to monitor and discipline audit firms and members of the audit profession for failure to comply with accounting and auditing requirements as stipulated by law.

    In addition, the Association of Accountants and Auditors of Republic of Srpska (AAARS) implemented an investigative and disciplinary system for its members in 2002 (Authorized auditors are required to be members of AAARS; other categories may join on a voluntary basis). It published its Rules on Disciplinary Procedures, which were amended in 2005. The AAARS is legally required to report to the Ministry of Finance on its I&D activities.

    AAARS reports that in 2011 it conducted a review of its I&D system against SMO 6 and planned to develop a new system based on the results. It is not clear whether this initiative has been completed and the extent of alignment of the existing system with SMO 6 needs to be clarified. It is also not clear whether the I&D for professional accountants overall is in line with the requirements of SMO 6.

    Current Status: Partially Adopted

  • International Financial Reporting Standards

    The Law on Accounting and Auditing of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH No. 42/04 of 2004 requires mandatory application of IFRS and IFRS for SMEs as issued by the IASB and translated into national languages for all legal entities, depending on their size. The Accounting and Auditing Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina (AACBiH), a non-governmental independent professional body, under the BiH Law No. 42/04 is responsible for the translation and publication of the standards into the national languages.

    The AACBiH has delegated the implementation aspects of its mandate in the Federation of BiH (FBiH) to the Union of Accountants, Auditors and Financial Workers of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (UAAFWFBH), and to the Association of Accountants and Auditors of Republic of Srpska (AAARS) in Republika Srpska through its Decision on Translation and Publication Authorizations published in the Official Gazette of BiH No. 81/06.

    Federation of BiH: Adopted

    The FBiH Law on Accounting and Auditing of the FBiH of 2009 transposed the requirement of the BiH Law No. 42/04 to apply international standards. The UAAFWFBH reports that it has published the consolidated translated version of the IFRS for SMEs as well as the 2019 IFRS translated into Bosnian under the copyright agreement with the IFRS Foundation.

    Republika Srpska: Partially Adopted

    The Law on Accounting and Auditing of the Republika Srpska No. 94/15 transposed the requirements of the BiH Law No. 42/04. However, there is a time lag in the translation of IFRS, with the 2009 version of IFRS being applied in the Republika Srpska as of 2019. In 2011, the Ministry of Finance issued a regulation that allows the use of IFRS for SMEs by non-listed entities and small companies that are required to prepare only balance sheets and income statements. No plans to translate IFRS in effect as of 2019 have been reported.

    Current Status: Partially Adopted

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Methodology

Methodology
Last updated: 12/2019
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