Instituto Mexicano de Contadores Públicos, A.C.
Member | Established: 1923 | Member since 1977
The Instituto Mexicano de Contadores Públicos (IMCP) is a federation composed of 60 professional associations that bring together CPAs from around the country. The IMCP has a large range of legal responsibilities that includes regulation of the accountancy profession, standard setting, and the promotion of the accountancy profession. Membership in the IMCP is voluntary and consists of certified and non-certified members. In 1999, the IMCP introduced voluntary certification of Contador Publico Certificado (CPCs). Only IMCP-certified CPCs can perform audits of public interest companies registered with the National Banking and Securities Commission and the National Insurance and Surety Commission. The IMCP is a member of the Inter-American Association of Accountants and of the Group of Latin-American Accounting Standard Setters.
Statements of Membership Obligations (SMOs)
The Statements of Membership Obligations form the basis of the IFAC Member Compliance Program. They serve as a framework for credible and high-quality professional accountancy organizations focused on serving the public interest by adopting, or otherwise incorporating, and supporting implementation of international standards and maintaining adequate enforcement mechanisms to ensure the professional behavior of their individual members.
The IMCP has no direct responsibility and no legal foundation for establishing a mandatory quality assurance (QA) review system for all audits of financial statements, but it has nevertheless assumed a leadership role in promoting to the regulators the need to implement a QA review system and to establish an independent Quality Control Oversight Board. In 2012, the IMCP introduced a mandatory QA system for its firm members and continues to review the system with a view to continuously improve it. The IMCP has planned and developed training and guidance to support the implementation process.
The IMCP is encouraged to further promote the introduction of a QA review system to the regulators. Also, the IMCP should ensure that its QA system is in line with SMO 1 requirements.
The IMCP has no direct responsibility for implementing all IES. It has, however, made significant efforts to implement post-qualification requirements for its members through a voluntary certification program that is aligned with SMO 2 requirements.
The IMCP has been working with the National Association of Colleges and Schools of Accounting and Management (ANFECA), an organization that represent more than 400 institutions of higher education in Mexico. The IMCP is promoting IES requirements for universities that are ANFECA members.
The IMCP has established communication channels for distributing information to members about recent developments and revisions issued by the IAESB, provided implementation guidelines, and encouraged the Ministry of Education to adopt IES.
The IMCP is encouraged to adopt a mandatory certification program for all IMCP members promoting best practices among its membership.
The IMCP is responsible for both the adoption and implementation of ISA and other standards issued by the IAASB. Now that it has adopted ISA, the IMCP has executed its plans to do so. The IMCP has a long history of translating the standards, and is now cooperating at the regional level to produce a single high-quality Spanish translation.
The Committee on Standards of Auditing and Assurance is in the process of preparing guides for implementing all of the ISA, as well as translating guides on the implementation process.
The IMCP has included ISA in its education, training, and voluntary continuing professional development program, as well as established communication channels for distributing information to members on recent IAASB developments and revisions.
The IMCP is encouraged to consider further plans to support the effective implementation of the standards in Mexico.
The IMCP is responsible for establishing ethical requirements for its members. Having developed and adopted a Code based on the 2014 IESBA Code of Ethics, the IMCP has focused it is activities to ongoing process that incorporates amendments to the IESBA Code of Ethics.
The IMCP promotes the IESBA Code of Ethics to non-members to facilitate and encourage national adoption through conferences with the regulators, chambers of commerce, professional organizations and universities. Furthermore, one goal of the agreement with National Association of Colleges and Schools of Accounting and Management is to ensure the inclusion of the IESBA Code of Ethics into university curricula.
The IMCP is a key partner in providing a unique high-quality Spanish translation of the IESBA Code of Ethics.
The IMCP is encouraged to indicate in its Action Plan the timeline for the adoption of the official Spanish version of the IESBA Code of Ethics, in accordance with the IFAC’s Policy. The IMCP is also encouraged to further develop plans to promote and support adoption of the IESBA Code of Ethics for application by all professional accountants in Mexico. The IMCP should also indicate in its Action Plan whether it has incorporated the Code into its training courses and the continuing professional development program, and whether it disseminates materials and technical guidance to facilitate compliance with ethical requirements.
As it has no responsibility to adopt IPSAS, the IMCP has focused on promoting the adoption of the standards and raising awareness of the potential benefits of using them. The IMCP is represented on the Advisory Committee of the National Council of Accounting Harmonization, which is responsible for issuing the financial regulations for the public sector
The IMCP has developed training activities to support the implementation of IPSAS and promotes the establishment of an ongoing update process.
The IMCP is encouraged to showcase the various activities that it has conducted, or plans to carry out, to support the adoption of IPSAS, including those that raise member awareness.
The IMCP has no direct responsibility for implementing an investigation and discipline (I&D) mechanism for all professional accountants in Mexico. All the same, it has implemented an I&D mechanism for its members and has made significant changes to align its I&D requirements with international best practices.
The IMCP should provide a link in its Action Plan to relevant information on its I&D mechanisms to ensure that the public is aware of the complaints process. The IMCP is also encouraged to consider plans to promote and support adoption of SMO 6 good practices to the responsible authorities overseeing professionals outside of the IMCP membership.
The independent Mexican Board for Research and Development of Financial Reporting Standards (CINIF) has partially adopted IFRS in Mexico. The IMCP is a founding member of CINIF, participates as a member of CINIF’s Technical Consulting Committee, and also contributes to the review of, and comments on, IASB Exposure Drafts.
The IMCP supports IFRS implementation through the design, development, and delivery of seminars and courses on IFRS and related topics. It cooperates with regulatory authorities to promote and support the implementation of IFRS and other IASB pronouncements.
The IMCP is encouraged to consider further plans to promote the full adoption of IFRS and plans to support the effective implementation of the standards, particularly through promoting and supporting universities to use updated curricula. The IMCP should continue raising awareness with the regulators to promote the adoption of IFRS for financial institutions and insurance companies.
IFAC bears no responsibility for the information provided in the SMO Action Plans prepared by IFAC member organizations. Please see our full Disclaimer for additional information.