Skip to main content

What does a future ready professional accountancy organization (PAO) look like? How does it prepare to take on disruptive trends in technology, globalization, and regulation that are already reshaping the accountancy profession?

The Institute of Chartered Accountants of the Caribbean (ICAC) urged participants at its regional forum, which it held jointly with the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC), to consider these questions and how professionals can effectively adapt to new developments that will significantly impact the profession. The regional forum was part of the ICAC’s 35th Annual Caribbean Conference of Accountants held in Georgetown, Guyana.


More than ten PAOs from the Caribbean region gathered together with the twin objectives of examining the role of the accountant in a changing world along with the trends (technological, economic, social, etc.) impacting the profession and tomorrow’s accountant as well as discussing the challenging issues facing the accountancy profession and the future-readiness of today’s accountant and PAOs.

Embracing Smart, Digital Technology While Tackling Cybersecurity

To be future ready, accountants must welcome emerging technology and the changes it brings to the global marketplace while adapting to the associated risks that can arise from such advancement.

While the profession has always embraced technology, the pace of change is accelerating, and having a profound effect. For example, digital technology has already permeated industries where robotics and automation have replaced repetitive human tasks. Machines are taking on many of an accountant’s routine and administrative chores, allowing accountants to be more sophisticated financial advisors. This is especially important as increased technology is also making cybersecurity an important matter for both professional accountants and PAOs. To maintain relevance, accountants need to assess and implement technology-driven initiatives to support cognitive business and further transform finance and accounting functions. Accountants are also well-positioned to take a leadership role in providing advisory or assurance services that address cybersecurity risks and begin strategizing how to counter cybersecurity threats to financial data.

Overall, technology can be best utilized as a tool that gives humans more time to focus on analysis, interpretation, and strategy. Computers have vast potential to empower, rather than displace, accountants. Smart software systems are supporting the trend by outsourcing services. Combined with greater social media use, this is expected to improve collaboration, disclosure, and engagement among stakeholders and broader communities in the region.

Opportunities in Globalization

While globalization encourages the free flow of money from one capital market to another, enhanced overseas outsourcing activities and the transfer of technical and professional skills can simultaneously pose threats to the Caribbean. Nonetheless, globalization is an opportunity for Caribbean PAOs to develop strong relationships with PAOs and regional organizations outside of the region.

Financial Reporting

Increased regulation is imminent due to issues such as tax avoidance, transfer pricing, and money laundering. Furthermore, stakeholders are placing increasing importance on social and environmental considerations alongside economic concerns at many businesses and organizations. Organizations, therefore, face challenges finding sustainable solutions to deal with the complexity of integrating financial, social, and environmental performance. In addition, the associated measurement and reporting complexities of these issues is driving accounting professionals to embrace the accountancy profession’s capacity to change. The important implication here is that all professional accountants will be expected to look beyond the numbers, which will, in turn, enhance collaboration among members of other professions.

Next Steps

Want to learn more?

A) Review the available workshop presentations that are driving conversations around the most current accountancy trends in the Caribbean.

B) Attend the 36th Annual ICAC Conference in the Bahamas in June 2018 where the central theme is leveraging regional and global opportunities to prepare for future success.

C) Subscribe online to receive updates from IFAC about PAO development & capacity building and membership issues. 


Dana Jensen
Dana Jensen

Senior Manager, IFAC

Dana Jensen is a trilingual Senior Manager with more than 10 years of experience working at IFAC to support the development, adoption, and implementation of high-quality international standards. She is primarily responsible for managing engagement with the Middle East North Africa (MENA) and Caribbean regions at IFAC. She is also the lead staff responsible for managing the IFAC Professional Accountancy Organization (PAO) Development & Advisory Group, which actively contributes to IFACs strategic objectives by raising awareness on PAO development, facilitating adoption and implementation of international standards and best practices, and empowering PAOs with guidance, leadership, and technical assistance. Since 2021, Dana has led IFAC’s Islamic Finance thought leadership program to support the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as it promotes socially responsible development and links to economic growth and social welfare.

Prior to her time at IFAC, Dana was a Policy Coordinator at the United Nations (UN) in the Department for Peacekeeping Operations. She holds an MSc from Columbia University (2011); Prince Sultan University-Banque Saudi Fransi Graduate Fellow in Islamic Finance (2021-2023); and holds a Diploma in Islamic Finance from the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) (2023).

Dana was born in New York to parents that worked at the UN as diplomats. She identifies as a Third Culture Kid with family in Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. She lived in several countries in the Middle East including Iraq, Jordan, and Lebanon before settling back in New York for University and Graduate level studies in 2004. While currently residing in New York with her husband and kids, Dana continues to travel to the Middle East regularly.

Misha Lobban Clarke

Chief Executive Officer, Institute of Chartered Accountants of the Caribbean

Misha Lobban Clarke is a management and communication specialist, with more than twenty years’ experience. She is the currently the Chief Executive Officer of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of the Caribbean (ICAC). Her duties as CEO include implementing the strategic initiatives of the ICAC in the region and managing the operations of the ICAC Secretariat which is headquartered in Jamaica.  Misha holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in English/Political Science and a Master of Arts in Communication Studies. She is also certified by the International Finance Corporation/Global Corporate Governance Forum as a trainer in Corporate Governance Board Leadership.